Home >> Tag Archives: Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts — (page 5)

Tag Archives: Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts —

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 11/15

Editor: Deborah Sesok-Pizzini, MD, MBA, professor, Department of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and chief, Division of Transfusion Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Altered lysosomal proteins in neural-derived plasma exosomes in preclinical Alzheimer disease It is necessary to identify biomarkers to detect patients at risk for Alzheimer disease well before neurological signs ...

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 10/15

October 2015—Impact of a rapid respiratory panel test on patient outcomes: Studies have examined the impact of polymerase chain reaction tests on patient outcomes. Rapid detection in microbiology and virology allows more appropriate treatment sooner. This, in turn, can reduce hospital length of stay for patients with respiratory pathogens and may generate hospital savings.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 9/15

September 2015—Costs and outcomes after cardiac surgery in patients refusing transfusion: Numerous randomized, controlled trials have shown no benefit of a liberal blood transfusion strategy compared with a more restrictive strategy in surgical patients. Furthermore, concerns exist regarding the association of transfusion with postoperative morbidity and mortality.

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Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts, 6/15

June 2015—Effects of red cell storage duration on patients undergoing cardiac surgery: Patients who undergo cardiac surgery often receive multiple units of red blood cells and may be at risk for end-organ injury because of compromised cardiac output or a proinflammatory state that follows cardiopulmonary bypass. At least one large study has shown an increase in adverse outcomes in patients receiving RBCs stored longer than 14 days compared with those receiving RBCs stored less than 14 days.

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Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts, 5/15

May 2015—Use of hemoglobin content of reticulocytes to evaluate anemia in cancer patients: Evaluating iron-deficiency anemia in patients with cancer is difficult. Malignancy is frequently associated with anemia of chronic disease. However, it is important to distinguish iron-deficiency anemia due to inadequate iron stores from anemia of chronic disease due to decreased iron availability with abundant stores. Advanced reticulocyte indices, such as the cellular hemoglobin content of reticulocytes, named CHr and RET-He, are reportable parameters on newer automated hematology analyzers.

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Anatomic Pathology Selected Abstracts, 3/15

March 2015—Histopathologic spectrum of thecoma of the ovary: a report of 70 cases: The authors evaluated 70 cases of thecoma of the ovary to ascertain their histopathologic spectrum. The tumors occurred over a wide age range (average, 49.6 years). Presentation in the form of pelvic or abdominal pain was uncommon, but postmenopausal bleeding was relatively frequent.

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Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts, 3/15

March 2015—Chimeric antigen receptor T cells for sustained remissions in leukemia: Relapsed and refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia is associated with a poor prognosis. T cells genetically modified to express chimeric antigen receptors targeted to cells expressing CD19 (CTL019) are a promising treatment strategy, with complete responses previously reported in two patients who had relapsed and refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

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Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts, 2/15

February 2015—Alcohol consumption relative to type of breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women: Alcohol consumption is a known risk factor for breast cancer, but it is not known which subtypes of breast cancer, if any, are more likely associated with alcohol consumption. The authors conducted a large study using the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial cohort to test for heterogeneity in alcohol-related risk by breast cancer subtypes defined by estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status and histological type.

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