Home >> Tag Archives: Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts — (page 4)

Tag Archives: Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts —

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 8/16

August 2016—Cold antibodies may be detected with routine pretransfusion testing and may obscure the identification of clinically significant red blood cell antibodies. They may be detected in healthy people or may be transient in appearance after a mycoplasma or mononucleosis infection. In most cases, cold antibodies are benign, and pretransfusion laboratory testing is designed to avoid detecting these antibodies by eliminating testing at room temperature.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 7/16

July 2016—Utilization management to reduce unnecessary lab testing at a VA hospital: It is estimated that laboratory and pathology testing account for four percent of annual health care costs. A laboratory utilization management system, or laboratory expert system (LES), can be employed to reduce such costs. A variety of functionality, including passive and active alerts, in the computerized physician order entry (CPOE) system provide decision-making support for physicians ordering tests.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 6/16

June 2016—Fasting or nonfasting lipid measurements: The joint American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association “2013 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol to Reduce Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Risk in Adults” replaces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol treatment thresholds with a more global measurement of risk.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 5/16

May 2016—Platelet transfusion: a clinical practice guideline from the AABB: The AABB recently developed guidelines on the appropriate use of platelet transfusions in adults. The guidelines are based on a systematic review of randomized clinical trials and observational studies from 1900 to September 2014 that reported clinical outcomes on patients who received either prophylactic or therapeutic platelet transfusions.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 3/16

March 2016—Impact of add-on laboratory testing at an academic medical center: Clinical laboratories are often asked to perform additional laboratory tests after the original sample is received and testing per the original order is complete. It is well known that this significantly increases laboratory workload and impacts turnaround time.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 2/16

February 2016—Link between a liberal transfusion strategy and patient survival: Guidelines support using a restrictive strategy for blood transfusion management in various clinical settings. However, randomized controlled trials in cardiac surgery, oncology, and hip fracture surgery suggest that a more liberal transfusion strategy may benefit survival.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 1/16

January 2016—A logical delta check for identifying erroneous blood cell count results: Regulations require that hospitals have a quality management plan that benchmarks key indicators of quality performance. One such indicator is a delta check, which is a broad quality control for preanalytic and analytic errors that identifies significant variation in a patient’s present lab result when compared with the patient’s previous result for the same test.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 12/15

December 2015—Optimizing transfusion ratios in massive transfusion protocols: The 1:1:1 ratio of packed red blood cells to plasma to platelet use for massive transfusion emerged out of data on mortality in military personnel wounded in combat. Many studies have investigated the optimal ratio for use in massive transfusion. The literature is controversial, and studies continue to support and refute the 1:1:1 ratio.

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