Home >> Tag Archives: Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts — (page 3)

Tag Archives: Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts —

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 7/17

July 2017—Effects of early tranexamic acid administration on women with postpartum hemorrhage: The leading cause of maternal death is postpartum hemorrhage, which is defined as blood loss of more than 500 mL within 24 hours of giving birth. The majority of such deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 6/17

June 2017—Stem cell divisions, somatic mutations, cancer etiology, and cancer prevention: Cancers are caused by mutations that may be inherited or induced by environmental factors or that may result from DNA replication errors. The mutations due to random mistakes made during normal DNA replication may explain why cancers occur much more commonly in some tissues than others. Approximately three mutations occur every time a normal human stem cell divides.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 4/17

April 2017—Cost-benefit analysis of Chlamydia trachomatis screening in pregnant women: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United States. In 2010, more than 1.3 million such infections in the United States were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2013, the estimated direct lifetime cost of treatment for chlamydia and its complications was more than $500 million.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 3/17

February 2017—Preventing genetic testing order errors via a lab utilization management program: Diagnostic errors, or failure to provide an accurate and timely diagnosis, impact an estimated 12 million outpatient care visits annually in the United States. These errors can often be attributed to the testing process, including test selection, ordering, retrieval, and interpretation. Literature about diagnostic errors has primarily focused on the outpatient setting; study of diagnostic error in the inpatient setting has been limited.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 1/17

January 2017—Impact of laboratory cost display on resident attitudes and knowledge of costs: The Institute of Medicine report on health care quality recommends providing better care at lower costs. However, the United States has consistently seen rising health care costs instead of cost reductions. An approach to reducing unnecessary health care spending is to make physicians more aware of the cost of diagnostic tests.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 12/16

December 2016—Process optimization to improve immunosuppressant drug testing turnaround time: The routine use of immunosuppressant medications is critical for patients receiving solid organ transplants. Monitoring immunosuppressant (ISP) drug concentrations helps guide safe and effective dosing. ISP drug monitoring is performed using mass spectrometry or immunoassay methods.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 11/16

November 2016—Neonatal ICU quality initiative: identifying preanalytical variables that contribute to specimen hemolysis: Hemolysis is a major cause of sample rejection and the need to recollect a specimen from a patient. In the neonatal intensive care unit, this may be of particular concern because of limited venous access and the risk of causing iatrogenic anemia.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 10/16

October 2016—Risk factors for transfusion in cesarean section deliveries at a tertiary hospital: Obstetrical hemorrhage is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in young women and may be difficult to predict. In some regions of the world, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) may account for up to 25 percent of maternal deaths. Many studies have focused on the predictors of PPH before delivery.

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