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Tag Archives: Abstracts —

Molecular pathology selected abstracts

Ability of genetic alterations to predict development of acute myeloid leukemia
September 2018—Acute myeloid leukemia affects more than 60,000 people in the United States every year and has a mortality rate of more than 90 percent. It is the most common form of acute leukemia and is caused by unchecked growth of immature precursor cells in the bone marrow. These immature cells, or blasts, are myeloid precursors that often develop into dysfunctional, cancerous white blood cells that fill the bone marrow and spread into the blood.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts

Association of perioperative RBC transfusions with venous thromboembolism
August 2018—Hospital-associated venous thromboembolism is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, resulting in 100,000 to 200,000 deaths annually. Surgery can lead to a proinflammatory state and be a prothrombotic stimulus for venous thromboembolism (VTE). General anesthesia, as well as red blood cells transfused in the perioperative setting, is considered an independent risk factor for VTE.

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Anatomic Pathology Abstracts

Analysis of the surveillance of women diagnosed with atypical ductal hyperplasia on core needle biopsy
August 2018—A needle core biopsy diagnosis of atypical ductal hyperplasia is an indication for open biopsy. The launch of randomized clinical trials of active surveillance for low-risk ductal carcinoma in situ leads to the paradoxical situation of women with low-grade ductal carcinoma in situ being observed and those with atypical ductal hyperplasia having surgery.

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Molecular Pathology Abstracts

Prevalence of clonal hematopoiesis mutations in tumor-only clinical genomic profiling of solid tumors
August 2018—Challenges to implementing next-generation sequencing-based comprehensive molecular profiling of solid tumors include reliably separating germline variants from somatic variants. This is an important consideration, particularly when a “tumor-only” profiling approach is used.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts

Trends in perioperative RBC transfusion from index cases in five surgical specialties
July 2018—In recent years, greater attention has been given to patient blood management. While contemporary national guidelines recommend restrictive red blood cell transfusion, it is not known whether such transfusions have decreased in surgical patients. Approximately 11 million RBC transfusions are performed annually, and two-thirds of those are for patients in the perioperative period.

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Anatomic pathology Abstracts

Clinical and molecular analyses of neuroendocrine carcinomas of breast
July 2018—Clinical and molecular analyses of neuroendocrine carcinomas of breast: Neuroendocrine breast carcinomas represent a rare subtype of breast cancer. Their definition, prevalence, and prognosis remain controversial, as reported in the literature.

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Molecular pathology selected abstracts

July 2018—Correlation between tumor mutation burden and efficacy of combination immunotherapy in nonsmall cell lung cancer: Checkpoint inhibitor therapy has dramatically improved outcomes in many cancer types, with treatments including antibodies against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), programmed cell death receptor-1 (PD-1), and its ligand (PD-L1).

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