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Tag Archives: Abstracts —

Molecular pathology selected abstracts

July 2018—Correlation between tumor mutation burden and efficacy of combination immunotherapy in nonsmall cell lung cancer: Checkpoint inhibitor therapy has dramatically improved outcomes in many cancer types, with treatments including antibodies against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), programmed cell death receptor-1 (PD-1), and its ligand (PD-L1).

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 5/18

May 2018—Use of a smartphone app to assess neonatal jaundice: Neonates are screened for hyperbilirubinemia before hospital discharge using a transcutaneous or total serum bilirubin measurement. However, levels peak at approximately 96 hours of life, which is after most healthy infants have left the hospital. Outpatient follow-up is often performed by visual inspection, but this can be highly variable and have poor interobserver agreement.

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Anatomic Pathology Abstracts, 5/18

May 2018—Outcomes related to use of hygroscopic sonographically detectable clips: The use of hygroscopic sonographically detectable clips (HSDCs) has dramatically increased in recent years, especially for breast cancer patients who undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The authors conducted a study to define the appearance of HSDC sites in histopathological specimens and allow pathologists to recognize these sites and differentiate them from other lesions.

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Molecular Pathology Abstracts, 5/18

May 2018—DNA methylation-based testing to classify central nervous system tumors: Despite being the mainstay of pathology tissue diagnostics, microscope-based histological review has limitations. Among them is that pathologists may have differing opinions about a case. This interobserver variability may result in over- or undertreatment of the patient and lack of agreement about which diagnosis is correct.

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Molecular Pathology Abstracts

April 2018—Effect of inherited TP53 mutations on children with B-cell ALL: TP53 has been referred to as the “guardian of the genome” because it plays a central role in regulation of the cell cycle, DNA repair, and apoptosis, and because somatic mutations in TP53 are frequently identified in many tumor types.

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