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Tag Archives: Abstracts —

Molecular pathology selected abstracts

Editors: Donna E. Hansel, MD, PhD, chief, Division of Anatomic Pathology, and professor, Department of Pathology, University of California, San Diego; James Solomon, MD, PhD, resident, Department of Pathology, UCSD; Richard Wong, MD, PhD, molecular pathology fellow, Department of Pathology, UCSD; and Sounak Gupta, MBBS, PhD, molecular pathology fellow, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. Development of brain circuits ...

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Clinical pathology selected abstracts

Prostate cancer screening with PSA test: systematic review and meta-analysis

December 2018—Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer-associated mortality among men worldwide. The use of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) to screen for prostate cancer is intended to detect the cancer at an early stage to reduce overall and disease-specific mortality. However, evidence that PSA screening for prostate cancer saves lives is somewhat lacking.

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Anatomic pathology selected abstracts

December 2018—Applying deep convolutional neural networks to diagnostic breast biopsies: The breast stromal microenvironment is a pivotal factor in breast cancer development, growth, and metastases. Although pathologists often detect morphologic changes in stroma by light microscopy, visual classification of such changes is subjective and nonquantitative, limiting its diagnostic utility.

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Clinical pathology selected abstracts

Preparing for passage of regulatory requirements for laboratory-developed tests: November 2018—The FDA has raised concerns, in recent years, about several high-risk laboratory-developed tests (LDTs), including a concern that patients may undergo unnecessary treatment or delay or forego treatment due to the inaccuracy of such tests. Other agencies have also challenged the validity, accuracy, oversight, and safety of LDTs, a subset of IVDs that are intended for clinical use and designed, manufactured, and used within a single laboratory.

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Anatomic pathology selected abstracts

November 2018—HER2: a pan-cancer event highly enriched in AR-driven breast tumors: Approximately one in five breast cancers is driven by amplification and overexpression of the HER2 receptor kinase, and HER2 enriched is one of four major transcriptional subtypes of breast cancer. The authors conducted a study to understand the genomics of HER2 amplification independent of subtype, as well as the underlying drivers and biology of HER2-enriched (HER2E) tumors.

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Molecular pathology selected abstracts

November 2018—Common genetic variants contribute to risk of rare severe neurodevelopmental disorders: The traditional paradigm broadly classifies genetic diseases into rare disorders caused by a single gene variant and common disorders caused by complex interplay among multiple genes. However, recent research has shown that penetrance and disease phenotype, even in disorders thought to be monogenic, are affected by common genetic variation.

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Clinical pathology selected abstracts

RT-PCR detection of B. microti parasites using BMN antigens as amplification targets October 2018—Babesia microti infection, which is transmitted through the bite of an infected tick, is a growing health concern and continues to be a threat to the blood supply, with 22 states having reported cases of babesiosis in 2014. While most healthy adults with Babesia infection are asymptomatic or present with mild symptoms, including fever, fatigue, and anemia, babesiosis can be severe or fatal in neonates, the elderly, and immunosuppressed individuals.

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