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2018 Issues

Transfusion medicine checklist: Record and other requirements updated in new release

August 2018—One new requirement and several modified requirements in the CAP transfusion medicine checklist are part of the new edition of CAP accreditation program checklists released this month. In work led by the CAP Council on Accreditation, the checklists are examined anew and revised yearly, where needed. In transfusion medicine, the changes this year center on computer crossmatches, record retention, forward/reverse typing, and ABO group and Rh(D) type verification.

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Cytology workload limits: For adequacy assessments, it’s time, not slides

August 2018—The CAP and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services reached an understanding earlier this year on how adequacy assessments and rapid on-site evaluations in cytology can be accounted for without causing undue impact on workload limits. The agreement, communicated to state survey agency directors in a March 16 CMS memorandum, is reflected in the updated CAP accreditation program cytopathology checklist released this month.

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Cytopathology in Focus: Synergy in cytopathology and molecular microbiology

August 2018—In today’s less-is-more world, health care consumers and providers often seek explicit and detailed information from minimally invasive procedures and tiny samples. Over are the days of “malignant cells present” and on to the next case. Cytopathologists and cytotechnologists are embracing and integrating novel techniques and applying new methods to the diagnosis and classification of essentially every imaginable form of neoplasia. The 2018 WHO publications confirm that 29 percent of deaths worldwide (more than 10 million people annually) are attributable to communicable diseases.1,2 This means the purpose of procuring many specimens is not to just rule out malignancy but also to diagnose infectious etiologies.

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Cytopathology in Focus: Why not call everything ASCUS?

August 2018—Below is a question shared on the ASC listserv. My reply to the question follows. A pathologist colleague who practiced previously as an obstetrician/gynecologist is of the opinion that categorizing the level of abnormality we observe on a Pap test is a waste of time. All the clinician needs to know, he says, is whether the test is normal or abnormal. The Pap test is a screening test, he says correctly, and its only relevance is in pointing out who needs a colposcopy and biopsy.

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Put It on the Board

Cobas HPV test approved for first-line screening using SurePath preservative fluid
August 2018—Roche received FDA approval for the Cobas HPV test to be used as the first-line screening test for cervical cancer in women 25 and older using specimens collected in SurePath preservative fluid. The Roche test is now the only HPV test approved for use as a primary screening test with both SurePath and ThinPrep PreservCyt Solution. It is approved for all of the screening indications supported by guidelines—primary screening in women 25 and older, reflex testing of unclear Pap test results in women 21 and older, and cotesting with a Pap test in women 30 and older—with both of the primary collection media types. “With this additional approval for the Cobas HPV Test, laboratories and clinicians now have an approved option that can be used for all of their HPV screening indications and sample types,” Ann Costello, head of Roche tissue diagnostics, said in a statement.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts

Association of perioperative RBC transfusions with venous thromboembolism
August 2018—Hospital-associated venous thromboembolism is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, resulting in 100,000 to 200,000 deaths annually. Surgery can lead to a proinflammatory state and be a prothrombotic stimulus for venous thromboembolism (VTE). General anesthesia, as well as red blood cells transfused in the perioperative setting, is considered an independent risk factor for VTE.

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