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2018 Issues

Pros and cons of carbapenemase detection tests

March 2018—When it comes to diagnostic tests, everyone wants the same thing Lars Westblade, PhD, wants: A unicorn. “The diagnostic performance of a test is reflected in its sensitivity and specificity,” Dr. Westblade said. “It has to be a very good test. And then we need to think about the speed of the test.” There’s also the cost. When all these factors come together just so, “we get what’s called diagnostic perfection,” he says, or the rare event that Brandi Limbago, PhD, of the CDC calls “a diagnostic unicorn.”

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 3/18

March 2018—Web platform vs. genetic counselor for releasing carrier results from exome sequencing: Genomics can be used to generate a large amount of data that may have important implications for clinical care and selection of therapeutics. However, a bottleneck exists in clinical genomics due to the large volume of results and the lack of availability of knowledgeable professionals to return them to patients in person.

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Anatomic Pathology Abstracts, 3/18

March 2018—Magee equation 3 for predicting response to chemotherapy in some breast tumors: Magee equations were derived as an inexpensive, rapid alternative to the Oncotype DX commercial assay. Magee equation 3 uses immunohistochemical and FISH data for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), HER2, and Ki-67 for its calculation: 24.30812+ERIHC×​(–.02177)+PRIHC×(−0.02884)+(0 for HER2 negative, 1.46495 for equivocal, 12.75525 for HER2 positive)+Ki-67×0.18649.

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Molecular Pathology Abstracts, 3/18

March 2018—Nonendoscopic detection of Barrett’s esophagus using DNA methylation biomarkers: Esophageal adenocarcinoma is an aggressive disease, with a less than 20 percent five-year survival rate, and its incidence is rapidly increasing. Early detection of esophageal adenocarcinoma or its precursor lesion, Barrett’s esophagus, would enable more effective treatment strategies and a greater chance of cure.

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Newsbytes, 3/18

March 2018—How hospitals use savvy and software as a phishing net: We all know we shouldn’t click on suspicious emails, but suppose you see an email from your department of human resources with an attached document about a new dress code. You open it, thinking “What new dress code?” And now you’ve infected the hospital’s computer system with a virus.

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Q&A column, 3/18

March 2018—Our pathology group has an unusual case of residual squamous cell carcinoma of the lung in a lobectomy specimen after chemotherapy. The lung shows a hilar scar (1.7 cm) involving the lung parenchyma and the peribronchial adipose tissue. In the scar there is residual carcinoma (0.4 cm) that focally is involving the peribronchiolar adipose tissue around the lobar bronchus. The focus is located at 0.3 cm of the final surgical resection margin of the bronchus. Because the tumor involves peribronchiolar adipose tissue, is it considered outside the lung (extension outside the lung)? Since the tumor is in the mediastinal fat around the bronchi and had to invade the viscera pleura to invade the peribronchial adipose tissue, would the tumor stage be ypT2a? Or T3 since it is invading part of the mediastinal fat? Or should it be pT1?

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