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Tag Archives: Clinical Pathology Selecte Abstracts —

Clinical pathology selected abstracts

RT-PCR detection of B. microti parasites using BMN antigens as amplification targets October 2018—Babesia microti infection, which is transmitted through the bite of an infected tick, is a growing health concern and continues to be a threat to the blood supply, with 22 states having reported cases of babesiosis in 2014. While most healthy adults with Babesia infection are asymptomatic or present with mild symptoms, including fever, fatigue, and anemia, babesiosis can be severe or fatal in neonates, the elderly, and immunosuppressed individuals.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts

Association of perioperative RBC transfusions with venous thromboembolism
August 2018—Hospital-associated venous thromboembolism is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, resulting in 100,000 to 200,000 deaths annually. Surgery can lead to a proinflammatory state and be a prothrombotic stimulus for venous thromboembolism (VTE). General anesthesia, as well as red blood cells transfused in the perioperative setting, is considered an independent risk factor for VTE.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts

Trends in perioperative RBC transfusion from index cases in five surgical specialties
July 2018—In recent years, greater attention has been given to patient blood management. While contemporary national guidelines recommend restrictive red blood cell transfusion, it is not known whether such transfusions have decreased in surgical patients. Approximately 11 million RBC transfusions are performed annually, and two-thirds of those are for patients in the perioperative period.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 5/18

May 2018—Use of a smartphone app to assess neonatal jaundice: Neonates are screened for hyperbilirubinemia before hospital discharge using a transcutaneous or total serum bilirubin measurement. However, levels peak at approximately 96 hours of life, which is after most healthy infants have left the hospital. Outpatient follow-up is often performed by visual inspection, but this can be highly variable and have poor interobserver agreement.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 3/18

March 2018—Web platform vs. genetic counselor for releasing carrier results from exome sequencing: Genomics can be used to generate a large amount of data that may have important implications for clinical care and selection of therapeutics. However, a bottleneck exists in clinical genomics due to the large volume of results and the lack of availability of knowledgeable professionals to return them to patients in person.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 2/18

February 2018—Restrictive or liberal approach to red blood cell transfusion for cardiac surgery: Among the largest group of recipients of red blood cell transfusions are patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Whether a restrictive approach to intraoperative and postoperative transfusion in cardiac surgery is superior to a more liberal approach with regard to patient outcomes is unclear.

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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 1/18

January 2018—Drone transport of chemistry and hematology samples over long distances: Interest in using unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, to transport laboratory specimens is based on the need to move specimens from satellite facilities to a central hub for testing. Earlier studies of biological specimens transported by drones were performed in ambient or cold temperatures for a maximum flight length of 40 minutes.

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