Home >> Tag Archives: Cancer (see also Leukemia and Breast cancer/breast health) —

Tag Archives: Cancer (see also Leukemia and Breast cancer/breast health) —

Fresh incentive to look for Ph-like ALL

October 2018—Cheryl Willman, MD, could hardly believe her eyes. She and her colleagues at the University of New Mexico, working with collaborators from across the U.S. in the NCI TARGET Project, had submitted 100 cases of high-risk pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia to British Columbia’s Cancer Agency for RNA sequencing to figure out why patients were doing so poorly, despite treatment with intensive chemotherapy. Now the results were in. Dr. Willman, the Maurice and Marguerite Liberman distinguished chair in cancer research and UNM distinguished professor of pathology, vividly recalls the scene.

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NGS to take top spot as cancer biomarker testing broadens

June 2018—For biomarker testing and tissue conservation, all roads lead to next-generation sequencing, says Boaz Kurtis, MD, laboratory and medical director of Cancer Genetics in Los Angeles. Dr. Kurtis, speaking in a webinar on NGS in routine non-small cell lung cancer biomarker testing, said, “There’s no other technology platform out there that can provide the amount of data we need today or will need in the future.” If next-generation sequencing is performed today, he said, “we will be ready for what we can reasonably anticipate the future holds.”

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Clearing the air for electronic cancer checklists

May 2018—Length, cost, variability in vendor support, and lack of consistency have cast a cloud for pathologist users over the CAP’s cancer protocols and the electronic version of those protocols, the electronic cancer checklists. Work is underway to improve the user experience (Nakhleh RE, et al. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2017;141[9]:1153–1154). Behind that effort is the undeniable: “Structured discrete data, using a controlled vocabulary, can be captured, stored, and reviewed much more readily than data in other formats,” says Mary Edgerton, MD, PhD, vice chair of the CAP’s Pathology Electronic Reporting (PERT) Committee and associate professor of pathology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

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Molecular tumor board: a patient with ALK– rearranged lung cancer

February 2018—A case of ALK-rearranged lung cancer was the subject of a multidisciplinary molecular tumor board presented last fall at CAP17 by pathologist Laura J. Tafe, MD, and oncologist Benjamin Levy, MD. Together they offered up insights into the tumor genomics of lung cancer with talk of testing guidelines, targeted therapies, resistance mechanisms, and circulating tumor DNA analysis.

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Next-gen sequencing finds further clinical utility in oncology

January 2018—One of the plenary sessions at the 2017 meeting of the Association for Molecular Pathology—“High Impact Molecular Diagnostics for Cancer and Inherited Diseases”—was a virtual mini-course in the latest and most useful applications of next-generation sequencing to detect germline and somatic mutations in cancer. Both speakers zeroed in on the clinical utility of their innovative diagnostic techniques.

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‘Split’ decisions in CNS tumor update

October 2017—Classifying central nervous system tumors has recently become both more complex and easier. Surgical pathologists now have guidance that helps them work through the whys, hows, and what-ifs of using molecular studies when making diagnoses. The 2016 WHO classification for CNS tumors, which has been described as a conceptual and practical advance over the previous incarnation, from 2007, should also help them move closer to precision medicine.

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Revived hopes, fresh challenges with liquid biopsy

October 2017—Until recently, new treatments for stage 4 lung cancer have generally required weighing toxicity against hopes that patients’ average length of survival might be extended by a month or two. But “our expectations are increasing as therapies have improved,” says Geoff Oxnard, MD, thoracic oncologist at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. “Patients and doctors are increasingly expecting targeted therapies with dramatic effect and few side effects.”

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AMP case report: Primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma with an unusual molecular profile of the EGFR gene at initial presentation, October 2017

October 2017—CAP TODAY and the Association for Molecular Pathology have teamed up to bring molecular case reports to CAP TODAY readers. AMP members write the reports using clinical cases from their own practices that show molecular testing’s important role in diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. The following report comes from the University of Massachusetts Medical School-Baystate, Springfield. If you would like to submit a case report, please send an email to the AMP at amp@amp.org. For more information about the AMP and all previously published case reports, visit www.amp.org.

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