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August 2014

Molecular Pathology Selected Abstracts, 8/14

August 2014—The dystrophin gene is the largest known human gene, comprising 2.2 Mb of the genome and 79 coding exons: Through the use of multiple tissue-specific promoters and alternative splicing of RNA, several isoforms of the protein dystrophin are encoded by the dystrophin (DMD) gene. The primary 427-kDA dystrophin isoform (Dp427) is found in the cytoplasm of skeletal and cardiac muscle cells, where it is involved in physically linking the cytoskeleton to protein structures outside the cell and, therefore, strengthens and protects muscle fibers during contraction and relaxation.

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From the President’s Desk: From representation to RUC, reasons to join AMA, 8/14

Dr. Herbek

August 2014—It was my good fortune to be introduced to practice by a group of pathologists with a tradition of robust professional engagement. In residency or shortly thereafter, all of us joined the CAP, our state pathology society, state medical society, and the AMA because we were brought to understand it was the right thing to do. Explicitly and by example, mentors and partners have taught me a lot.

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Latest lineup of chemistry analyzers for low-volume settings

August 2014—This year’s guide to chemistry analyzers for low-volume laboratories consists of information supplied by 17 companies on 33 analyzers, three of which are new to this guide. Vital Diagnostics, an ElitechGroup Company, launched the Eon 300 Clinical Chemistry system. The system is sold exclusively by McKesson Medical Surgical to small to midsize physician offices and satellite and hospital laboratories.

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Cytopathology and More | Pap proficiency testing—for whom, when, and why

August 2014—It has been almost 10 years since gynecologic cytology proficiency testing, or Pap PT, was implemented in the United States. The CAP is one of three organizations with a Pap proficiency testing program. Pap PT is unique in medicine. In no other situation are licensed physicians or certified technologists required to pass a federally mandated, annual proficiency test before they can practice a skill for which they were trained. Individuals who do not pass Pap PT after two tests cannot practice the interpretation of gynecologic cytopathology until they pass the test.

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Cytopathology and More | ATHENA design, data—and the FDA’s decision

August 2014—The Food and Drug Administration Microbiology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee held a hearing March 12 on a proposal by Roche Molecular Systems for a new application of human papillomavirus first-line primary cervical cancer screening for women age 25 and older. The 13-member panel unanimously approved the test as safe and effective with benefits to women’s health. The FDA formally approved the additional testing indication on April 24.

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Study hints at new directions on LAMNs

Dr. Arnason

August 2014—A slow leak in a tire may not be all that interesting— until one is cruising down the highway at 75 m.p.h. Suddenly, that same leak becomes much more compelling. Joseph Misdraji, MD, recalls a conversation he had at a meeting about pseudomyxoma peritonei that skirted a similar curve in the road. Approached by a pathologist who expressed a desire to collaborate with him, Dr. Misdraji suggested a study he was working on, looking at the significance of proximal margin involvement in low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms, or LAMN.

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Where smart labs go when the money’s gone

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August 2014—Payment rates declining. Bad debt rising. Test orders falling. Diagnostic equipment manufacturers checking in on test-volume commitments. A wrenching transition from fee-for-service care to population-based medicine. These are a few of the trends that laboratories across the country are seeing and that keep lab directors up at night, heavy lidded, checking their email, illuminated by the glow of their smartphones.

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Seamless automation: within reach for AP?

Dr. Smith

August 2014—A familiar optical illusion uses a drawing of a vase that makes your eyes play tricks. First you see the vase, then two faces gazing at each other, then again, the vase…two faces…ad infinitum. It’s a concept that comes to mind when thinking about “tracking” in the anatomic pathology laboratory. Does it refer to a physical track—a conveyor belt to automatically transport and sort specimens—or to a system for “tracking”—that is, electronically keeping tabs on specimens?

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Proposed prostate biopsy policy could cut Medicare pay

August 2014—How the Medicare program reimburses pathologists for prostate biopsy specimen services could change in 2015 under proposed rules for physician payment from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. The CMS detailed its proposed plans for prostate biopsy reimbursement, in addition to other payment policy changes concerning pathologists, in the proposed 2015 Medicare physician fee schedule released July 3. The proposal includes adding three new pathology measures, sponsored by the CAP, to the Medicare Physician Quality Reporting System and the expansion of CMS’ value-based modifier program. After a 60-day comment period, the CMS will finalize the 2015 fee schedule later this year.

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Too few studies to steer test protocols for pediatrics

Dr. Bien Bard

August 2014—Are children equivalent to miniature adults? Common sense and years of research on age-related differences in microbiota, immune system development, and infectious disease susceptibility point to a resounding no. But in clinical microbiology practice, if not in theory, pediatric patients are too often worked up as miniature adults, says Jennifer Dien Bard, PhD, D(ABMM), FCCM, director of the clinical microbiology laboratory and acting director of the clinical virology laboratory at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, and an assistant professor of clinical pathology at the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine.

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